> Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Population: 39 million.

Urban population: 10.1 million.

Nationalities: Han, Miao, Bouyei, Tong, Yi, Shui, Hui, Gelo, Zhuang and Yao.

Area: 176,100 km2

GDP (2006): CNY 226.7 billion

Local Weather:Click for Beijing, Beijing Forecast

Climatic features: subtropical, humid, monsoonal climate; few seasonal changes, with frequent cloudy and rainy weather; hailstorms in spring, occasional spring droughts in the west and summer droughts in the east.

Average temperture: 1oC to 10oC in January, 17oC to 28oC in July.

Annual average rainfall: 900-1,500 mm; high precipitation in the central and southwestern regions; half of the rain falls during the summer.

Physical features: situated on the eastern Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau; mountains in the west slope down toward the north, east, and south.

Mountains: Dalou, Miaoling, and Wumeng Mountains.

Waterfall: the Huangguoshu is one of the leading falls in China in terms of height and volume. The major fall is over 20 meters wide and 60 meters high. The falls drain into the Pearl River.

Products: Rice, wheat, corn, millet, potatoes, rape, sugar cane, soybeans, peanuts, sesame, tea;cotton, ramie, ambary hemp, tussah, flue-cured tobacco; timber; sisal hemp, lemongrass, raw lacquer, tung oil, Chinese tallow tree, cork, coffee, olives, bark of eucommial gallnuts, silver fungus, pears, oranges, apples, bananas, pineapples, walnuts, chestnuts, mercury, coal, phosphorus, bauxite, natural gas.

Administrative divisions: 3 autonomous prefectures, 8 cities, 61 counties, 11 autonomous counties and 3 special districts.

Capital: Guiyang.

Neighboring areas: Yunnan, Sichuan, and Hunan Provinces: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

Major cities: Guiyang, Zunyi, Lupanshui, Duyun, Anshun, Kaili, Bijie.

Tourist attractions: Huangguoshu Falls, and its nearby caves and stone forests, located between Zhenning and Guanling Counties

Elevation extremes: Tall in the east and low in the west, Guizhou lies over 1,000 meters above sea level.

Natural resources: Guizhou enjoys ample precipitation. Rivers flow through steep terrain, resulting in drastic fall of the waters which gives rise to a hydro-power generating resource of 18.74 million kw, putting the province at the sixth place in the country. The province is also rich in gas stored in coal reserves. The abundant water and coal reserves allow the province to draw up the strategy of developing water and coal energy at the same time.

As one of the great reserves of minerals, Guizhou boasts more than 110 kinds of minerals, out of which the amount of reserves of 76 kinds is already known. Guizhou is among the top ten sites in the nation in the reserve of 42 kinds of minerals and the top three in 22 kinds. The province is particularly strong in the reserves of coal, phosphorus, mercury, aluminum, manganese, antimony, gold, barite, raw materials for cement and bricks, as well as dolomite, sandstone and limestone.

With a reserve of 241.9 billion tons of coal, Guizhou has been known as "home of coal in south China". Its phosphorus reserve accounts to 44% of the national total while the mercury reserve, after long years of tapping, still makes up 38% of the total amount in the country. The newly discovered gold reserve of 150 tons offers the country another gold production base.

Over 3,800 species of wild animals inhabit Guizhou. Out of this figure, over 1,000 kinds are listed as rare species under state protection. More than 3,700 kinds of medicinal herbs, or 80% of the total number of medicinal herbs, are found in Guizhou.

The nature reserves in the province numbered 130, covering a total area of 961,000 hectares, accounting for 5.5% of the province's territory.

Tourism resources: Guizhou is a newly rising tourist destination. Unique natural scenery, rich ethnic traditions, splendid culture and history as well as pleasant climate draw tourists to the province. Now over 120 tourist sites have been opened including national scenic areas of the Huangguoshu Waterfalls, the Dragon Palace, the Golden Brocade Cave, the Red Maple Lake, the Maling River Valley and the Shizhang Cave on the Chishui River, four national nature reserves (the Fanjing Mountain Botanic Garden, the Maolan Karst Primeval Forest, the Chishui Primeval Forest and the bird reserve at Caohai), eight national cultural relic sites and many villages with distinctive ethnic minority customs and ways of life.