> Jiangsu Province

Jiangsu Province

Population: 74.3 million

Urban population: 34.6 million

Nationalities: Han (99.6%), Hui (0.2%), and Manchu (0.2%)

GDP (2007): CNY2.56 trillion.

Area: 102,600 km2

Local Weather:Click for Nanjing, Jiangsu Forecast

Coastline: 1,000 kilometers long

Climatic features:

Spans the warm-temperate/semi-humid and subtropical/humid zones; clear-cut seasonal changes; frequent 'plum rains' between spring and summer: typhoons with rainstorms in late summer and early autumn; occasional frost, dry and hot winds, and hailstorms.

Average temperature: -2oC to 4oC in January, 26oC to 29oC in July.

Annual average rainfall:

800 - 1,200 mm high precipitation in the southeast and low in the northwest; 60 percent of the rain falls during the summer in the northeast.

Physical features:

Plains cover 95 percent of the province's total area with well-developed water systems, the Grand Canal traverses all the east-west river systems- borders the Yellow Sea.


Yangtze River (6,300 kilometers, third longest river in the world next to the Nile and Amazon), abandoned waterway of the Yellow River; lower reaches of Huaihe River, and Guanhe River.

Lakes: Lake Taihu, and Hongze, Gaoyou, Luoma and Yangcheng Lakes.


Rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, potatoes, soybeans, peanuts, rape, sesame, teal cotton, ambary hemp, silk cocoons, jule-peppermint, spearmint, bamboo, and medicinal herbs-apples, pears, peaches, loquats, gingko- coal, phosphorus, salt, pottery clay, aquatic products.

Specialties: Gaoyou duck and duck eggs, Langshan chicken, Taihu whitebait, shad and anchovy of the Yangtze, crabs of Yangcheng Lake.

Administrative divisions: 21 cities and 54 counties.

Capital: Nanjing

Neighboring areas: Zhejiang, Anhui, and Shandong Provinces - Shanghai Municipality.

Major cities: Nanjing, Wuxi, Suzhou, Xuzhou, Lianyungang, Changzhou, Nantong, Zhenjiang.

Tourist attractions:

Yangtze River Bridge in Nanjing; Suzhou gardens; Lake Taihu in Wuxi; the Grand Canal. The Shanghai-Nanjing-Hangzhou Region refers to the area covering the Ningbo-Shaoxing Plain, the Hangzhou-Jiaxing-Huzhou Plain, the Sunan Plain, Shanghai Municipality, and the Zhoushan Islands in the East China Sea. Spread over the southern tip of Jiangsu Province and the northern quarter of Zhejiang Province, the region is characterized by dense population, a prosperous economy, rich culture, convenient transportation, and natural beauty.

Situated at the mouths of the Yangtze and Fuchun Rivers, the land is crossed with canals and irrigation ditches, hence its epithet the 'water country.' At the center of the water network is Lake Taihu, the 'pearl' of East China. The lake covers an area of 2,425 square kilometers and has many small islands dotting its surface. In the south, the Oiantang River connects with the Hangzhou Gulf, forming a trumpet shape. When the tide rises, the water is forced into the narrowing channel and shoots up into the sky as high as eight meters, roaring like a cavalry of a thousand horses.

Hangzhou is the southern terminal of the thousand-year-old Grand Canal. The canal remains an active north-south waterway, cutting across several east-west river transport lines.

This region is an important production base of grain, cotton, and jute. It produces large volumes of rice, wheat, cotton, jute, rape, soybeans, and peanuts. It also produces mao bamboo, tung oil, and tea oil. Fruits and nuts grown in the region include oranges, red bayberries, loquats, Chinese torreya nuts, and hickory nuts. A tea-growing region, it is famous for its Longling and Biluochun green teas. The Lake Taihu area is an important silkworm base. The history of the silk industry in the region dates from the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 960-1127). Also famous are the Huyang sheep, known for their soft, white wool. In addition, the Zhoushan Islands are China's largest inshore fishing ground.


The province is located in the fertile land of the Yangtze River delta. Most of its land is flat, dotted with the Taihu and Hongze Lake; two of the five largest freshwater lakes in China. On its southwestern and northern borders are hilly lands.

Land: Of the province's territory, the plains cover a total area of 70,600 square km; water covers a total of 17,300 square km; cultivated land amounts to some 5 million hectares.


Located in a transit belt from the subtropics to a warm temperate zone, Jiangsu features a distinctive monsoon climate. Generally speaking, the area south of the Huaihe River and the Northern Jiangsu General Irrigation Canal enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate while the area northward enjoys a warm temperate humid monsoon climate. It is warm with moderate rainfalls and clear-cut seasons in the province. The annual average temperature is between 13-16 centigrade. The annual rainfall is between 724-1,210 mm. The rainfall in summer accounts for 50% of the annual rainfall.

Water resources:Jiangsu boasts a network of rivers and lakes. The Yangtze River runs over 400 km through the province from west to east while the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs 690 km from north to south. There is the Qinhuai River in its southwest; Northern Jiangsu General Irrigation Canal, Xinmu River and Nantong-Yanzhou Canal in the northern part. The province also boasts more than 290 lakes including the Taihu Lake and Hongze Lake.

Jiangsu has abundant aquatic resources. The area of fish farms in the east coast reaches 154,000 square km. The noted four farms including Lusi and Haizhou Bay teem with yellow croaker, cutlass fish, butterfish, shrimps, crabs, shellfish and algae. The province is also the major producer of freshwater crabs and eel fry. The inland waters within the province cover a total area of 1.73 million hectares. The aquatic farms cover a total area of some 533,333 hectares, cultivating 140 types of fish.

Mineral resources: Jiangsu has a wide distribution of mineral resources with a rich variety. The mineral products discovered so far total 120. Major energy resources include coal, petroleum and natural gas. Non-metallic resources include sulphur, phosphorus, sodium salt, crystal, cyanite, sapphire, diamond, kaolin, limestone, quartz sand, marble and pottery clay. The metallic resources included copper, lead, zinc, silver, gold, strontium and manganese. The province is particularly rich in clay, building materials, chemical raw materials, metallurgic auxiliary materials, minerals for special uses and non-ferrous metals.

Tourism resources: Jiangsu has a long history of a relatively developed economy and culture. Rich in landscape gardens, scenic attractions and historical sites, it is noted for having the largest number of historical cities in the country. Such cities include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Changshu, Xuzhou and Huai'an. There are 20 scenic spots, 23 forest parks, 6 holiday resorts and 416 cultural heritage sites under the state and provincial-level protection. Classical gardens in Suzhou were put on the world cultural heritage site list by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.